SIMON BERNARD - (1779-1839) - Army Engineer, born in Dole, France. A French engineer officer, served Napoleon in Europe. President Madison appointed him (1816) to U.S. Corps of Engineers, with rank of Brigadier-General. Built Ft. Monroe at mouth of James River, and constructed Chesapeake and Ohio canals, and Delaware breakwaters. With outbreak of July Revolution (1830), returned to France and prepared plans for defense of Paris. French War Minister in 1834, and again in 1839.