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SIMON BERNARD - (1779-1839) - Army Engineer, born in Dole,
France. A French engineer officer, served Napoleon in Europe.
President Madison appointed him (1816) to U.S. Corps of
Engineers, with rank of Brigadier-General. Built Ft. Monroe at
mouth of James River, and constructed Chesapeake and Ohio
canals, and Delaware breakwaters. With outbreak of July
Revolution (1830), returned to France and prepared plans for
defense of Paris. French War Minister in 1834, and again in