HERMAN HAUPT - (1817-1905) - Army and Civil Engineer, born Philadelphia, Pa. Graduated at West Point (1835); soon resigned to practice civil engineering; became professor at Pennsylvania College (1844-47). Associated with Pennsylvaia Railroad (1847), became chief engineer (1853-56). Chief of construction and transportation on Federal military railroads during Civil War. Subsequently general manager of Piedmont Airline Railway, chief engineer of Tidewater Pipe Line Co., and (1881-84) general manager of Northern Pacific Railroad. Demonstrated practicability of transporting oil in pipes; invented drilling machine using compressed air.