JAMES BIRDSEYE McPHERSON - (1828-1864) - Army Engineer, born Sandusky, Ohio. Graduated at West Point (1853), was engaged upon fortification and construction duty until outbreak of Civil War. Aide-de-camp to Halleck in Department of Missouri; became (1862) Grant's chief engineer; fought at Shiloh and Corinth, and had charge of railroads in western Tennessee. Promoted major-general of volunteers (1863), was given command of 17th Army Corps; took leading part in campaign against Vicksburg. Succeeded Sherman in command of Army of Tennessee (1854); fought at Kenesaw Mountain and around Atlanta, and was killed while reconnoitering.